2017 CCSAR Annual Picnic

Compatriots and Friends,

On the 13th of August, the Cincinnati Chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution hosted their 3rd Annual Summer Picnic. It was held at the Great Meadows Shelter in Sharon Woods. President Jack Bredenfoerder and Lori, his wife coordinated our traditional picnic lunch.

We were pleased to welcome some very distinguished guests to our picnic this year:
Jim Crane, Sons of the Union Veterans of the Civil War, Department of Ohio Commander
Richard Davis, President of the Ohio Society of the War of 1812

The Nolan Carson Memorial Color Guard members that were present found time in the schedule to practice some Von Steuben style marching and manual of arms movements. This activity was led by Brad Jarard. It should be noted that several members of the Color Guard were penalized by Brad due to poor performance of the drills.

Photos below

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The Black Revolutionary War Patriots Memorial

memorial-sketch(The first three paragraphs presented here, are as were presented to the Chapter and recorded in our archives in 1991)

In 1991, the Cincinnati Chapter S.A.R. issued a Resolution that supported the Black Revolutionary War Patriots Memorial at the National Mall in Washington, D.C.. This would be the first national symbol honoring enslaved and free black persons who fought in Revolutionary War.

The Department of Defense re-wrote its publication “Black Americans in Defense of Our Nation.” At the end of the chapter on the American Revolution there is a paragraph about the Patriots Memorial that says

“It is significant to note that the Sons of the American Revolution has emerged as one of the strongest support groups.”

There were between 5,000 and 10,000 forgotten slaves and free blacks who voluntarily fought in the army, navy and militia between 1775 and 1783. Many blacks served as substitutes for their masters, fought alongside them or ran away and enlisted.

Twenty six year later the Memorial has not been built. Numerous fund raising attempts have failed. In 2013 the Congress finally authorized building of the “National Liberty Memorial.” A “National Mall Liberty Fund” was also authorized to once again to begin raising private funds to construct the memorial. Under the rules established this fund has seven years ( until January 2, 2020) to raise the necessary funds to build the memorial and to obtain siting and design. On September 26, 2014 President Barack Obama signed legislation allowing the “National Liberty Memorial” to be placed on the National Mall on a site next to the Department of Agriculture. To learn more check out this link: https://libertyfunddc.com/

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July 28th, 2017 Naturalization Ceremony

Compatriot Jerry Knight welcomed over 60 new US Citizens at the naturalization ceremonies held at the Southern Ohio Federal District Courthouse on Friday, July 28th. The Honorable Susan J. Dlott presided. Judge Dlott specifically requested a photo with Compatriot Knight.

-CCSAR President Jack Bredenfoerder

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August 11th, 2017 Naturalization Ceremony

CCSAR President Jack Bredenfoerder and Compatriot Jerry Knight welcomed 72 new US Citizens at the naturalization ceremonies held at the Southern Ohio Federal District Courthouse on Friday, August 11th. The Honorable Karen L. Litkovitz presided over the ceremonies.

-CCSAR President Jack Bredenfoerder

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CCSAR joins Purple Heart Day 2017 ceremony


The Cincinnati Chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution was joined by five members of the Hocking Valley Chapter in supportof the Purple Heart Day ceremony and celebration at Fountain Square in Downtown Cincinnati Aug. 7. This event is hosted by chapters of the Military Order of the Purple Heart (No. 3620 & No. 156) and sponsored by the Fifth Third Bank and Korean War Veterans Assn. of Greater Cincinnati at the P&G stage in Cincinnati.

On Aug. 7, 1782, George Washington created the Purple Heart award. Washington had long wanted an award for average soldiers who performed meritoriously in combat. From his headquarters at Newburgh, New York, Washington issued an order that read in part:
“The General ever desirous to cherish virtuous ambition in his soldiers, as well as to foster and encourage every species of Military merit, directs that whenever any singularly meritorious action is performed, the author of it shall be permitted to wear on his facings over the left breast, the figure of a heart in purple cloth, or silk, edged with narrow lace or binding. Not only instances of unusual gallantry, but also of extraordinary fidelity and essential service in any way shall meet with a due reward.”

The heart-shaped purple cloth medal was originally called the “Badge of Military Merit,” and contained the word “Merit,” surrounded by oak leaves. Those awarded the medal were to have their name recorded in a special book and were given the privilege of walking through any sentry or guard, just like officers could do. This was the first time a major military power awarded average soldiers for meritorious conduct in a time when awards usually went to the officers.

Historians have verified only three recipients of the Badge of Military Merit during the Revolution, though there are some others who may have received it. One who did is Sgt. William Brown 1759-1808, who is buried at the Pioneer Cemetery near Lunken Airport in Cincinnati. The reason for so few awards of the medal is unclear, but it probably had to do with the fact that the war was almost over when it was created. The medal was never officially discontinued, but fell out of use for over a century.

In 1918, Gen.John Pershing revived the idea of a badge of merit. Gen.Charles Summerall, US Army Chief of Staff, pushed the idea of reviving the badge in 1927. In 1931, his successor, Gen.Douglas MacArthur, pushed the idea further and the US War Department announced the creation of the “Order of the Purple Heart” on George Washington’s 200th birthday, Feb. 22,1932. The awards could be given to anyone who met certain criteria back to April 5, 1917.

The ceremony included the presentation of a framed Purple Heart Stamp to the Korean War Veterans Association, the “Missing Man Ceremony” performed by Green Township VFW Post 10380 and the reading of the names of 80 service members with ties to the Cincinnati area who fought and died in Operations Enduring Freedom, Iraqi Freedom and New Dawn.

With the retiring of the colors and the playing of Taps this sobering ceremony was concluded with a casual audience in the misting rain.

Michael B. Gunn, Ph.D.,
Past President, CCSAR


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Anderson Township Veterans Memorial Dedication

The Cincinnati SAR Nolan Carson Memorial Color Guard was honored to post the colors for the dedication of the new Anderson Township Veterans Memorial at 7850 Five Mile Road, 45230 on the evening of August 3rd. The Memorial was a labor of love for the Anderson Township Community. Its construction has scanned several years. Representative veterans for each of the five service branches presented their respective service flags and flowers were presented by their wives. The Color Guard concluded the ceremony with a seven musket salute. Compatriots participating were Acting Commander Lee Wilkerson, CCSAR President Jack Bredenfoerder, CCSAR Immediate Past President Mike Gunn, Compatriots Ed Bonniwell, Brad Jarard, Dan Schmitz and George Stewart.

-CCSAR President Jack Bredenfoerder

Photos by Carole Gunn

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CCSAR members honor Revolutionary War Patriots at Fort Laurens in Ohio


Fort Laurens is the only Revolutionary War Site in Ohio and was constructed in 1778 as a stepping stone to the West to stage attacks on the British at Fort Detroit during the American Revolution. The soldiers that built Fort Laurens started their journey at Fort Pitt in Pittsburgh made their way down the Ohio River to where they built Fort McIntosh, then crossed Delaware (Lenape) Lands to reach the site of present day Bolivar, Ohio about 20 miles south of Canton and 40 miles west of Pennsylvania.

The British learned of some activity in the area and sent a group of their Native American allies along with Simon Girty, a colonial who was a British sympathizer and liaison with the Lenape tribe. They discovered upon arrival near the site of Ft. Laurens an unsuspecting group of unarmed American Soldiers gathering wood, whom they ambushed and left thirteen dead. They then laid siege to the fort until starvation killed an additional number of soldiers, totaling 21 who lost their lives. The fort was abandoned in 1779 and demolished later as part of the building of the Erie Canal.

Currently, no parts of the original fort remain above ground, but archeology has identified the footprint of the fort and its outline as well as the graves of some of the Patriots who were massacred here. The site is currently listed as a National Revolutionary Memorial and annually ceremonies are held here by the Ohio Society of SAR, Friends of the Fort Laurens Foundation and the Zoar Community Association who are striving to some day re-construct this historically important structure.

On July 29, 2017 nine members of the Cincinnati Chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution (CCSAR) joined over seventy others at a ceremony to honor the Patriots who lost their lives at Fort Laurens in 1778. They are: Donald McGraw; President Ohio Society SAR (OHSSAR); Turner Lee Wilkerson, Secretary OHSSAR; Jack Bredenfoerder, CCSAR President; Paul Wilke, past Vice President General SAR; James D. Schaffer, past OHSSAR President; Michael Gunn, Past CCSAR President; Shaun P. Smith; Connor M. Smith; and John Bradley Jarard.

Michael B. Gunn, Ph.D.
Past President, Patriot Graves Chair Cincinnati Chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution
NSSAR Committees:
Patriot Biographies, Veterans and
Patriot Index/Rev War Graves Register


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