Revolutionary War Patriots of Color in Ohio

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Independence Day 2021

Since Independence Day 2014, the Cincinnati Chapter SAR has come together on July 4th at the Revolutionary War Soldier’s Memorial in Spring Grove Cemetery in remembrance of their service during our struggle for Independence from Great Britain and our Heritage as Americans today .

Each year we have had occasional visitors that witness the ceremony presented by our compatriots. For those that stumble upon our ceremonies during their passage through the cemetery on those beautiful summer afternoons–their encounter with history will be memorable. It provides them an opportunity to recall history lessons learned long ago, long before our current “woke” society came into being. Lessons on how and why we became the Grand Republic and Bastion of Liberty that attracts so many people around the globe seeking asylum and lives in America today.

This year’s casual visitors to our remembrance happened to be originally from the Ukraine and came to America 30 years ago, becoming citizens and contributors to society and their community. Their appreciation for patriotism was apparent–we were blessed to share this ceremony with them!

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Cincinnati Chapter Celebrated Flag Day Over the Weekend of 12th and 13th June

The Cincinnati Chapter gathered at the Golden Lamb Restaurant in Lebanon, Ohio for an Old Fashioned Sunday Dinner of Fried Chicken or Roasted Turkey with Mashed Potatoes & Gravy.

The gathering brought 48 members of the chapter with guests that included at least 3 local DAR Chapters: John Reily, Clough Valley and Nathaniel Sackett Chapters of the DAR.  The event was held in the President’s Dinning Room which was most appropriate considering the presentation made by our guest speaker, Joyce Lovins Browning. 

Ms. Browning portrayed Julia Boggs Dent Grant, the wife of President Ulysses Simpson Grant, our 18th President of the United States.  Her portrayal was extremely well done, capturing her life from the time she was a little girl on a Missouri Plantation through her marriage, the Civil War and the final passing of President grant from throat cancer.

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2021 Silverton/Deer Park/Sycamore Twp Memorial Day Parade

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Cincinnati SAR Hosts Ohio SAR Society’s Annual Meeting at the Hilton Netherland Plaza with Lytle Park Presentation

This past weekend (May 7 thru 9) delivered a flurry of activities for members of the Ohio Society and Cincinnati Chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution; starting at the Netherland Plaza Hotel on May 8, 2021 at 9 AM with two Business Meetings including a proposal for a new Officers Slate.

BOM & General Membership Meeting

Then at Noon a Youth Awards Luncheon, Emceed by OHSSAR President Turner Lee Wilkerson, we recognized several young people from Ohio, including: #1) Jimmy Fraley from Cincinnati who was awarded a medal and scholarship in the Knight Essay contest; #2) Carissa Gallier from Cincinnati who places first in the Poster Contest; #3) Jackson S. Torrence from Cincinnati who placed first in the Brochure Contest and #4) Jackson Sturtevant from the Western Reserve Chapter who placed first in the prestigious Oration Contest.

#1, #4, #5, & #1

Youth Awards Luncheon in the Continental Room

The American History Teacher Contest winners were: Middle School, Ms. Julie Flack (2020) & Ms. Robin Hance (2019); High School Ms. Amy Elsass. Julie Flack who teaches at Pleasant Run Middle School in Cincinnati, Ohio and is sponsored by the Cincinnati Chapter with George Stewart of the chapter as her point of contact went on to place 2nd at the National Contest.

Later in the evening on Saturday, the State Society Awards Banquet was held in the Elegant Continental Room where the Keynote address was presented by Colonel Thomas Nelson Moe (Ret’d), who held the attention of the House with a moving delivery of his experiences. Many awards were presented and deserved by several members of the Ohio Society of the Sons of the American Revolution.

Sunday at 9 AM in the Rookwood Room was a Remembrance Service where Chaplain Dr. R. Edgar Bonniwell and Rev Matthew W. Hardman led a moving service. Many of our members who passed on were named and remembered.

Finally, at Lytle Park very near the site of Fort Washington built in Losantiville before it was renamed Cincinnati, more than 20 members of the combined Ohio & Cincinnati Nolan Carson Memorial Color Guards assembled to assist the City of Cincinnati in a dedication of a rejuvenated Flag Collection of the Colors which have flown over the United States of America since its founding in the late 18th Century.

President Turner Lee Wilkerson presided over the ceremony which was blessed with perfect weather between days of rain. Thanks to Brad Jarard of the Cincinnati Chapter for organizing another wonderful event. President Lee Wilkerson also arranged to surprise Bob Hill, OHSSAR Color Guard Commander and Brad Jarard, Cincinnati’s CG Commander with beautiful neck gorgets (Revolutionary War era items of Officer destinction) at the end of the ceremony. All in all a fitting way to punctuate a memorable Patriotic weekend.

Secretary McGraw presenting Leadership Awards to Color Guard Commanders Hill & Jarard
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The Ohio Society and The National Society SAR Honor the Winners of the 2020 Tom and Betty Lawrence American History Teacher Contest

This past Saturday, 8 May 2021, at the 132nd Annual Conference of the Ohio Society, we had the privilege of honoring two young ladies engaged in teaching our youngest citizens about the wonderful land they call home!

Mrs. Julie Flack, sponsored by the Cincinnati Chapter, and Mrs. Amy Elsass, sponsored by the Richard Montgomery Chapter, were celebrated as the Ohio Society’s First Place Winners of the Tom & Betty Lawrence American History Teacher Contest for 2020.  Julie teaches at the Middle School Level in Hamilton County and Amy teaches American History at the High School level in Montgomery County.

Additionally, Ms. Robin Hance, sponsored by the Cincinnati Chapter, was celebrated as the Tom & Betty Lawrence American History Teacher First Place Winner of 2019.

left to right
Secretary Don McGraw, Committee Chairman Scott Moody, Julie Flack, Amy Elsass and Robin Hance

Each of the three ladies were presented with the SAR Silver Good Citizenship Medal and an icon of their profession and calling in the form of a Pewter Apple suitably engraved for the occasion.  Ohio Society American History Teacher Committee Chairman, Scott Moody along with Ohio Society Secretary, Don McGraw made the presentations with Society President Lee wilkerson witnessing the presentations from the podium.

But Wait…!    That’s Not All…!

On Wednesday, 12 May 2021, Tom Lawrence, President General 2015, announced the following winners of the National Society Contest:

The Third Place Winner for the High School Contest is Mrs. Amy Elsass, who teaches at Miamisburg High School in Miamisburg, Ohio.  She is sponsored by the Richard Montgomery Chapter of the Ohio Society.  Ronald Helms is the History Teacher Committee Chairman for the chapter.

And The Second Place Winner for the Middle School Contest is Mrs. Julie Flack, who teaches at Pleasant Run Middle School in Cincinnati, Ohio.  She is sponsored by the Cincinnati Chapter of the Ohio Society and George Stewart is the History Teacher Committee Chairman.  Scott Moody is the Ohio History Teacher Chairman.

Congratulations Ladies--The education of our younger citizens is of paramount importance to the future of our Grand Republic.  We are gratified to have that responsibility resting within the leadership of these three excellent citizens—these teachers of American History in our Public Schools!

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May 16, 1771: The Battle of Alamance, NC

As we approach the Semiquincentennial (250th) Anniversary of the American Revolution it is important to remember the events that led up to it.  The Battle of Alamance, NC is often omitted from history books because it was not necessarily a revolt against the British Crown.  But it was a revolt against taxation without representation and against corruption of the Crown-appointed Governor William Tryon and local government.

Farmers in the western portion of North Carolina believed they were being over taxed, and fees charged by sheriffs and local government were not only excessive but illegal.  Local officials lined their pockets while farmers got poorer.  These malcontents became known as Regulators.  They wanted changes to the laws.  When their voices were ignored, they humiliated, intimidated and occasionally brought violence to those believed to be corrupt.  Regulators took to disrupting court proceedings.

In answer to the violence, the Johnston Riot Act was passed in January, 1771.  It gave Governor Tryon the power to call out the militia to maintain law and order.  In March, judges at Hillsborough informed the governor that they would be unable to hold court without protection.  Tryon responded by calling up the militia to put an end to the Regulator movement.

Preparing for Battle

Volunteers, encouraged by a 40 shilling bounty, mustered at New Bern.  On April 22 they began the march to Hillsborough.  General Hugh Waddell commanded a unit of 284 men.  On May 9th they split from Tryon’s main body, approaching Hillsborough via Salisbury.  Waddell’s 284 men were challenged repeatedly by superior numbers of Regulators.  Vastly outnumbered, Waddell turned back towards Salisbury.  On May 11, Tryon’s militia, arriving at Hillsborough by a more direct route, launched a rescue mission for Waddell at Salisbury.  Now, reunited, they rested on the banks of Alamance Creed with about 1000 men.  Five miles away, the Regulators had assembled a force of 2000.

On the morning of May 16th Tryon closed the distance to ½ mile.   He divided his force to two lines with artillery supporting both.  The Regulators were disorganized, lacked training and leadership, and had no artillery.  But, being twice the number of Tryon’s militia, believed they had the upper hand.  Twice Tryon sent an emissary to offer leniency if the Regulators would lay down arms and offer their leaders.  Both efforts were rejected.

Though greater in number, the Regulators lacked everything required to win.  But, their initial volume of fire forced Tryon’s troops back, enabling an artillery piece to be captured.  However, the Regulators had no ammunition or the skill to use it, rendering it useless.  Tryon’s forces recovered quickly with withering grapeshot fire.   The Regulators, confused and disorganized, adopted “Indian fighting” methods, firing from places of concealment rather than from ranks firing in concert.  After about two hours, the Regulators were chased off the battlefield.

Losses on both sides are disputed.  Tryon’s losses have been reported as between 9 and 27 killed and 61 wounded.  Regulator losses were 9 killed and over 100 wounded.  None are certain.

Holding the Bridge

Tryon took 13 prisoners.  One, James Few, was hanged that evening on the battlefield.  The other 12 were tried and convicted on charges of Treason against the Crown.  Six were hanged.  The others were pardoned.

Tryon again offered pardons to all Regulators swearing allegiance to the Crown.  Within 6 weeks over 6000 Regulators had taken the oath, effectively ending the Regulator Movement.

Taxation without representation and government corruption continued to manifest itself in the Colonies for another 5 years.  The Declaration of Independence was the culmination of these and many other grievances leading to the American Revolution.

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For the last four years we have taken a team of presenters into the schools in the Greater Cincinnati area, hosting festivals on the American Revolution, promoting our Poster/Brochure contest. Covid19 closed every door this year for having that type of experience; nevertheless, there were students who took the initiative, contacting Dr. Ed Bonniwell, indicating their desire to participate. This was met with great affirmation; and happily, Carissa Gallier is our first-place winner regarding our Poster Contest. Our second-place winner is Sarah Gallier. Our first-place winner for the Cincinnati Chapter Brochure Contest is Jackson S. Torrans; second place is Olivia R. Schaurer; and third place is Lena Gallier. We also wish to make honorable mention of Linnea Doughman and Anna Gallier.

First Place Brochure Winner 2021

The pictures that we have of the winning Posters and Brochures hardly do them justice. The submissions of our winners at the Cincinnati Chapter level were all entirely excellent, and may very well win at the State level. While we are not having a Banquet again this year, it is our hope to honor these young people in the April-May Banquet 2022.

First Place Poster Winner 2021

The study of American History ennobles our vision for love of country and reminds all of those sovereign providences that allowed our nation to be duly constituted under the most challenging of circumstances.

We members of SAR salute the young people who participated in these contests, given the raging Covid pestilence. Our best wishes and heartfelt prayers are extended to them as they continue pursuing academic excellence. Letters of congratulation and financial rewards have been sent, and we do so proudly.

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A Presidential “ZOOM” Success

On February 13, 2021 the Cincinnati Chapter held its annual President’s Day Celebration. Like most events for the last year we were able to have a Zoom gathering.

We were fortunate to have over 35 participants join us in the celebration which included three local DAR Chapters and one CAR Chapter. Compatriots Bonniwell, Holland and Crandall gave testimonials, portraying their patriot ancestors on their interaction with General Washington during the war.

The Nolan Carson Memorial Color Guard appeared in uniform to honor General Washington. General Washington finally graced us with his entrance to the meeting. The General was informative, reflective and had a real sense of humor. He even found time in his busy day to have a question and answer session after his talk. All participants thought the event was well planned, entertaining and an hour well spent!

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Congratulations Julie Flack!

The Ohio Society Sons of the American Revolution recently named Julie Flack, Pleasant Run Middle School (PRMS) 8th grade Social Studies teacher, the 2021 State American History Middle School Teacher of the Year.

The Sons of the American Revolution (SAR) is a historical, educational, and patriotic lineage society that strives to perpetuate the heroic triumph of the Patriots whose courage established the independence of the United States of America various programs and outreach efforts to state and local communities. 

Our PRMS family, as well as the Cincinnati Chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution, are enormously proud of and excited for Julie to receive this well-deserved award as Mrs. Flack is continually active in youth activities in the community and is currently the Senior President of the Fort Hamilton Chapter of the Children of the American Revolution. With this honor, Mrs. Flack is now the SAR state representative and will move on to the National Tom and Betty Lawrence American History Teacher Award competition, which will be determined in March.

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